Environmental crime encompass a broad list of illicit activities, including
• illegal trade in wildlife;
• smuggling of ozone-depleting substances (ODS);
• illicit trade of hazardous waste;
• illegal, unregulated, and unreported fishing;
• and illegal logging and trade in timber.
The involvement of organized criminal networks acting across borders is one of many factors that have favoured the considerable expansion of environmental crimes in recent years. Led by vast financial gains and facilitated by a low risk of detection and scarce conviction rates, criminal networks and organized criminal groups are becoming increasingly interested in such illicit transnational activities.
The level of organization needed for these crimes indicates a link with other serious offences, including theft, fraud, corruption, drugs and human trafficking, counterfeiting, firearms smuggling, and money laundering, several of which have been substantiated by investigations.
To help stop environmental crime, we encourage you, in your communities around the world, to use our anonymous reporting platform to provide information on the criminal networks that are involved in these activities.